How can a building and a car share energy?
Nicknamed “AMIE” (Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy), the structure can be powered by a 3D-printed electric vehicle also developed at ORNL. The mobile power source combined with AMIE’s rooftop renewable energy photovoltaics and the building’s highly energy-efficient design demonstrate possibilities for future off-the-grid human shelter.
The world’s first integrated energy system between transportation and architecture.
A first step into the future
AMIE is a single-room enclosure that demonstrates the unique capabilities and characteristics of Additive Manufacturing (3D printing), utilizes advanced insulation products, showcases innovative technology in appliances and fixtures, and is paired with a revolutionary mobile energy source.
Designing for zero waste
AMIE explores the potential for a 3D-printed panel to combine into a single integrated system the many functions of a conventional wall system – structure, insulation, air and moisture barriers, and exterior cladding. This can lead to zero-waste construction and buildings that can be ground up and reprinted in different forms.
Applying complex geometries
Three-dimensional printing allows for complex geometries with rounded corners and curved surfaces that reduce localized stress and mitigate turbulent exterior air flow. The AM panels create a structural design optimized for live loads, lateral forces and impact resistance.
Maximizing energy efficiency and renewable energy
Its high level of solid surfaces (79%) to glazed areas (21%) results in an extremely efficient energy-conserving enclosure. Photovoltaic panels are integrated into the roof surface and supplement the vehicle energy source. The panels’ interior ribs are designed for modified atmosphere insulation (MAI) for the greatest thermal barrier in the least amount of space.
Future directions and applications
AMIE is the beginning of collaborative, cross-disciplinary exploration of additive manufacturing in high-performance building enclosures. Future iterations will aim for higher thermal performance, explore new assembly processes, and further demonstrate new housing concepts.